first issues > countries > benin

Benin
and Dahomey

September 1892

- Independence

French Colony 16

Ben1
  #1 xxx

perf 14x13½, no wmk, print
Printed at the Government Print Works, Paris.

Description   Scott SG Mi Y&T  
Stamps of French Colonies handstamped
1 centime black, bluish   1 1      
other values 2c to 1 franc   2-15A 2-13      

Scott numbers all the black handstamps first (Sc1-13) then one red (Sc14) and two blue (Sc15, 15A) handstamps. Gibbons lists the blues and red as SG4a, SG6a and SG6b respectively. Thus both catalogues list 16 stamps in the first set.

The King of Porto-Novo sought French protection in 1863 and again in 1882, leading to the issue of stamps for the Establishments of Benin in 1893. King Behanzin of Dahomey was in dispute with the French over slave-trading and, following his defeat, France annexed the region and consolidated it into Dahomey and Dependencies. This continued as a French Colony until WW2, including some issues from the Vichy govt. After the war, the stamps of French West Africa were used until independence.

Benin / Dahomey, Phases
Gibbons
SG
Date
Scott
Sc
Benin, French Protectorate
1-45
1892-94
 
1-45
Dahomey and Dependencies, French Colony
1-121
1899-1940
 
1-136B
Vichy Government
122-143
1941-42
 
stamps of French West Africa used
-
1944-60
 
-
Dahomey, Autonomous Republic
144-594
1960-75
 
137-341
People's Republic of Benin §
595+
1975+
 
342+

Gibbons describes the last few sets of Dahomey and Dependencies as "issued by the Pétain régime in Unoccupied France". Scott does not make this distinction, although it does mention the Vichy govt. in connection with some unissued postage due labels (Sc-J28a - 28C)
§ The first two sets for the People's Republic of Benin are inscribed "Republic of Dahomey". Gibbons states that it was intended to overprint them with the new name, but this was prevented by technical difficulties. The first stamp inscribed for the PRD is also shown below.

Ben1
Dah8
Dah122
Benin
Dahomey and Dependencies
issued by the Vichy Government
1892 Sc1 SG1 1899 Sc8 SG8 Δ 1941 Sc113 SG122

Δ For Dahomey and Dependencies, the 1 centime black / azure Sc1 SG1 was issued in 1901: the first stamp of the set to be issued was the Sc8 SG8.


Dahomey

1962

Africa 22

Dah137
Dah595
Dah603
Republic of Dahomey
People's Republic of Benin
1960 Sc137 SG144 1975 Sc342 SG595 1976 Sc346 SG603

Dahomey became an autonomous republic within the French community on 4th December 1958 and an independent republic on 1st August 1960. On 30th November 1975, the name was changed to the People's Republic of Benin.