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Poland

1st January 1860

Europe 16, 16a

Pol1
  Poland #1  

Perf 11½ to 12½, no watermark, typographed
Printed by the Government Printing Office, Warsaw

Description   Scott # S.G. # Mi# Y&T#
10 kopecks blue and rose   1 1b    
10k blue and carmine   1a 1a    
10 k dark blue and rose   1b 1    
10k added blue frame for inner oval   1c 1c    
10k blue and rose imperf   1d 1d    

Poland at first (from 1858) used Russian stamps and in 1860 issued their own to a remarkably similar design. In 1863 Russia closed down the press and Russian stamps were used again until the end of WW1.


Local Issues

During and after WW1, in addition to the occupation issues, local areas also issued stamps before gradually moving back to general, national issues. The Scott and Gibbons approaches to these stamps differ.

Pol11
Pol27
image
image
Warsaw
Lublin
Cracow
Posen (Poznan)
1919 Sc11 SG2 1918 Sc27 SG17 text text

image
SoPo
image
image
Northern Poland
Southern Poland
National Assembly issue
General Issues
text 1919 Sc SG68 text text

Scott entities
Sc #
Gibbons Equivalent
SG
Denomination / Paper
Warsaw
Sc11-26
Regional Issues
SG2-16
Lublin
Sc27-40
Regional Issues
SG17-29
Cracow
Sc41-71
Regional Issues
SG30-60
Posen (Poznan)
Sc72-78
Regional Issues
SG61-65
Northern Poland
Sc81-108
Northern Poland
SG92-104
F or M / medium wove
Southern Poland
Sc109-132
Southern Poland
SG68-91
H or K
National Assembly issue
Sc133-139
 
SG121-127
General Issues
Sc140+
the Whole of Poland
SG128+
F or M / thin wove

Occupation Issues and Offices

GOcc
PolGerWW2
image
image
PolEx
German Occ WW1
German Occ WW2
Polish Army in Russia WW1
Polish Army in Russia WW2
Polish Govt. in Exile
1915 Sc-N1 SG1 1939 Sc-N17 SG359 text text 1941 Sc-3K1 SG478

Germany occupied Poland during WW1 and WW2, Poland had special issues for Polish troops serving in the Russian army in WW1 and also in WW2. The Polish govt. in exile in London during WW2 issued stamps for mail taken on Polish ships and sent from Polish military camps in GB.

PolCon1
PolDan
image
Constantinople
Danzig
Odessa
1919 Sc-2K1 SG1 1925 Sc-1K1 SG-R1 text

Poland issued stamps for offices abroad in Constantinople, Danzig and Odessa.

Sources: JM1, ScC, SGP5.

Image from David Olson, ebay.

FI ref: 88, 476 Page credit: NB

Page created 15 Dec 2015 Page updated 24 Jun 2016