first issues > countries > taiwan

Taiwan

Formosa, Republic of China

1st January 1950

Asia 12

Tai1007
  1950 Sc1007 SG100 xxx

Description Surcharge Scott ΘSG Mi Y&T  
Overprints of Chinese Provincial Issues for Taiwan perf 12½
$1 green black 1007 100 96    
$2 green red 1008 101      
$5 green violet 1009 102      
$10 green brown 1010 103      
$20 green blue 1011 104      

The Scott Stamp Atlas [1] decribes Taiwan as, "Chinese island, also known as Formosa, since 1949 the seat of the Nationalist Chinese Republican government which had been established under the leadership of the late Chiang Kai-shek." and then notes the earlier issues.

According to Gibbons [2], there are five phases of postal activity, all listed under Taiwan :

Tim Balm (FICC 91) explained the Scott approach to Taiwan in Journal v13n2p7. The following extract deals with the final phase,

" Civil war continued on the mainland between the Communist and Nationalist forces until 1949 when the Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established the government of the "Republic of China" there. Scott lists their stamps as a continuation of "China", the first one being #1007 issued on January 1, 1950 under the heading "Republic of China (Taiwan)" in Vol 2. [The communists then controlled the entire mainland and established the government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) with their first stamp as #1 issued on October 8, 1949.]
To summarize, the multiple first issues of Taiwan include:
  • Japan, Taiwan #1-3 [1945]
  • China, Taiwan #1-9 [1945]
  • ROC (Taiwan) #1007-1011 [1950]"
Gibbons Phase [Scott listing] Date Gibbons Scott
Chinese Province
1886-95
SG C1-C24
Republic
1895
SG R1-R15
Japanese Possession
[Japanese Offices Abroad, Taiwan (Formosa)]
1895-1945
SG J1-J3
Sc1-3
Chinese Province [China, Republic of China, Taiwan]
1945-49
SG1-89
Sc1-103
Chinese Nationalist Republic
[§Republic of China(Taiwan)]
1949+
ΘSG90+
Sc1007+

Θ Scott and Gibbons differ on the sequence of overprints. Scott's first set (Sc1007) is the third group listed by Gibbons. Gibbons dates SG90 as 1st December 1949: Scott includes this as the last set set in the previous phase , Chinese Province (Sc101-103, SG90-92).

Tai Chi Prov
TaiRep
JapTai
Tai1945
Tai90
Tai1007
Chinese Province
Republic
Japanese Possession
Chinese Province
Chinese Nationalist Republic
1868 1895 1945 Sc1 SG-J1 1945 Sc1 SG1 1949 Sc102 SG90 1950 §Sc1007 SG100

Sources: Sca [1], ScS, SGP17 [2], NB.

Image from David Olson, Spink, Ichengxuan, TB, ebay.

FI ref: 630 Page credit: NB

Page created 30 Jun 2016 Page updated 19-Jun-2017