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Indonesia

15th December 1948


Riau-Lingga Archipelago
West Irian
South Moluccas

Asia 11, a-d

Indo1
Ind574
Republic of Indonesia Δ
United States of Indonesia
  1948 Sc1 FICC 623 1950 Sc333 SG574 FICC 632 xxx

There are two versions of this stamp:
Sc333 - 17th Jan 1950, size 20.5x26mm, perf 12½x12 (SG574); and
Sc334 - 22nd Jun 1950, size 18x23mm, perf 11½ (SG575).

Description   Scott# SG# Mi# Y&T#  
Repulic of Indonesia
1 sen dark turquoise green and brown   1 not      
other values 2s to 5 rupiah   2-22 found      
United States of Indonesia
15 sen scarlet   333 574      
15 sen scarlet   334 575      

Gibbons[1] states,

"The Republic of Indonesia consists of the former Netherlands Indies and West New Guinea, now known as Irian Jaya. It comprises Java and Madura; Sumatra; Sulawesi (formerly Celebes); Kalimantan (formerly Dutch Borneo); the Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombock, Sumbawa, Sumbaba, Flores and Timor); the Moluccas; the Riau-Lingga Archipeligo; and hundreds of smaller islands.
"During WW2, the Netherlands Indies were occupied by Japan. After their surrender Dutch rule was restored without difficulty in those islands already captured by US and Australian troops, but he Dutch never regained complete control in Java, Madura and Sumatra.
"An independent republic was proclaimed in Java, Madura and Sumatra in August 1945 … [a]s no Dutch forces were available, British Indian troops were landed in Java and Sumatra … to receive the Japanese surrender and to maintain order. In November, they besame involved in heavy fighting with Indonesian Republicans at Soerabaya.
"… In September 1948 the Netherlands Indies were officially renamed Indonesia … In December 1949, Indonesia, comprising all the former Netherlands Indies except New Guinea, became independent as an an equal partner in the Netherlands-Indonesion Union (NIU) … During 1950 the states of the USI were successively amalgamated with the original Indonesian Republic (Java and Sumatra) until in August a unitary state was proclaimed … the NIU was dissolved in August 1954."
IndJav1
image
nethind1
Indonesian Republic
Java and Madura
Indonesian Republic
Sumatra
1945 Sc1L1 SG-J1 1946 Sc-2L1 SG-S1 1870 Sc1 SG1

IndJavJap
IndSumJap
IndJapNav80
Japanese Occupation
Java
Japanese Occupation
Sumatra
Japanese Occupation
Japanese Naval Control Area
1943 Sc-N1 SG1 1943 Sc-N18 SG18 Θ 1942 SG80 ¤

Ind467
image
Indo1
Dutch Rule Restored
Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia
1945 Sc250 SG467 1948 Sc294 SG532 1948 Sc1 SG?

Ind574
Ind610
 
United States of Indonesia
Indonesian Republic
 
1950 Sc333 SG574 1950 Sc359 SG602  

Θ According to Gibbons [1] the 3½c rose red and 10c grey-blue were the earliest issues of the first set.
¤ This is the correct stamp and the correct black overprint but it is described in colnect as a "Telegraphic Money Order", presumably because of the additional red overprint. It is the closest example found and will be shown until it is bettered.

Indonesia, Phases
Gibbons
SG
Date
Scott
Sc Neth Indies
Sc Indonesia
Indonesian Republic
1945-49
Revolutionary issues
 
- Java and Madura
J1-J78
1945-49
- Java
1L1-1L49
- Sumatra
S1-S179
1946-49
- Sumatra
2L1-2L85
Netherland Indies
1-466
1870-1945
Netherland Indies
1-249
 
Japanese Occupation
Japanese Occupation
 
- Java
1-14
1943
- Java and Sumatra
N1-N4
 
- Sumatra
15-71
1943-41
- Sumatra
N15-N26
 
- Japanese Naval Control Area
80-162
1942-43
 
 
Dutch Rule Restored
467-531
1945-48
Netherland Indies
250-293B
 
Indonesia
532-573
1948-49
Netherland Indies
294-332
 
   
1948-49
Republic of Indonesia Δ  
1-119
United States of Indonesia (USI)
574-601
1950
United States of Indonesia  
333-358
Indonesian Republic
602+
1950+
Republic of Indonesia  
359+

Borneo, Celebes, Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands. Scott shows images of some of these overprints with a general comment about the variety of occupation overprints used in the area.
Δ This run of stamps, listed under Indonesia in Scott, has not been found in Gibbons Part 21 (South-East Asia) or Part 4 (Benelux).
Minkus [2] states that these stamps "were printed abroad during the blockade of the Republic of Indonesia by the Netherlands. … According to the PTT of Indonesia, a great part of the documents relating to the stamps were lost during that turbulent time. The stamps inscribed REPOEBLIK were prepared for sale on Dec 15 1948 and reported issued Aug 17 1949 in [the] UPU bulletin of Aug 1951."


Ria1
Riau-Lingga Archipelago
1954 Sc1 SG1

Riau-Lingga Archipelago

The islands in the archipelago lie close to Singapore. In order to ease trade, the Indonesian currency was linked locally with the Singapore Dollar and the stamps overprinted to deter speculators taking advantage of currency fluctuations.


UNTEA
WI1
UNTEA
West Irian
1962 Sc1a SG1 1963 Sc20 SG1

West Irian

North West New Guinea was a Dutch possession using Netherlands Indies stamps until 1950. Indonesia repeatedly claimed the territory and in August 1962 the UN took control until transfer to Indonesia in May 1963 when its name was changed to Irian Barat (West Irian).


image
South Moluccas
1950 SG1

South Moluccas

The South Moluccas resisted inclusion in unitary Indonesia and in April 1950 declared independence. Indonesia gradually recaptured the territory. Gibbons [1] notes that several issues of pictorial stamps were sold in the US in the period, but there is no evidence that they were sold in South Moluccas.
Scott [3] states, "It appears that stamps of the so-called republic of South Moluccas were privately issued and had no postal use. Accordingly, they are not recognized as postage stamps".