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Guinea disambiguation

Disambiguation is a splendid word, often used but not coined by Wikipedia.
The various Guineas provide plenty of opportunity for confusion and the intention for this page is to provide clarification.

The first thing to note is that there are African and Pacific Guineas. The African are relatively straightforward; the Pacific are more difficult, partly because of differences between the Scott and Gibbons catalogues.

The African Guineas

The original colonies were part of the Scramble for Africa. Wikipedia notes, "Established empires, notably Britain, Portugal and France, had already claimed for themselves vast areas of Africa and Asia, and emerging imperial powers like Italy and Germany had done likewise on a smaller scale. With the dismissal of the aging Chancellor Bismarck by Kaiser Wilhelm II, the relatively orderly colonisation became a frantic scramble. The 1884 Berlin Conference, initiated by Bismarck to establish international guidelines for the acquisition of African territory, formalised this "New Imperialism". Between the Franco-Prussian War and the Great War, Europe added almost 9 million square miles (23,000,000 km²)—one-fifth of the land area of the globe—to its overseas colonial possessions." With varying degrees of reluctance, the European powers reqlinquished their colonies in the 1950s and sunbsequent decades.

First Issue by date Became date
French Guinea 1st November 1892 Guinea 5th January 1959
Portuguese Guinea 1881 Guinea-Bissau 10th September 1974
Spanish Guinea
incl. Rio Muni, Fernando Po
and Elobey, Annobon and Corisco
1902 Equatorial Guinea 12th October 1968

Guinea Bissau
Equ. Guinea
Equatorial Guinea

The Pacific Guineas

New Guinea
New Guinea

Starting with Wikipedia on the current situation, "New Guinea is an island to the north of Australia, but south of the equator. Politically, the western half of the island comprises two provinces of Indonesia: Papua and West Papua. The eastern half forms the mainland of the country of Papua New Guinea".
Historically (extracted from an extensive BBC timeline here),

The late Floyd Walker (FICC #14) addressed the philatelic history in the Journal in 1999, quoted at length on the page for British New Guinea.

As a final complication, Gibbons [1] lists several relevant entities under Australia because they were under Australian administration.

Listed below are all the entities, linked to the pages on which they appear and the Scott and Gibbons entries are noted.

Scott listing Date Gibbons listing
German New Guinea 1897 German New Guinea
Papua 1901 British New Guinea
New Britain 1914 Australia / New Guinea / Australian Occupation (SG1+)
North West Pacific Islands 1915 Australia / New Guinea / Australian Occupation (SG65+)
New Guinea 1925 Australia / New Guinea / Mandated Territory of New Guinea (SG125+)

Sources: ScS, SGP1 [1].

Images from BBC

Page created 26 June 2017 Page updated 25-Jul-2017