first issues > countries > german east africa, tanganyika and tanzania

German East Africa,

Tanganyika

and Tanzania

1st July 1893

- Occupation - Independence

  German Colony 1

British Colony 72

GerEAfr1
  #1 xxx

perf 13½ x 14½, no wmk

Description   Scott SG Mi Y&T  
Stamps of Germany overprinted
2 pesa on 3 pfennigs brown   1 1      
other values and overprint variants   2-5 2-6      

Tang74
British Mandated Territory
1922 Sc22 SG74

In February 1885, Germany estabished a protectorate over the area, having agreed treaties with various local leaders. Gibbons [1] lists a number of postal agencies and offices (Lamu (1889), Zanzibar (1890), Dar-es-Salam (1890), Bagamamoyo (1890), Tanga (1891), Lindi (1891), Kilwa (1892), Saadani (1892), Pangani (1892), with many more from 1894)) using German stamps, identifiable only from the postmark or cancellation. In 1893 overprinted German stamps were issued.

At the end of WW1, the League of Nations granted a mandate for most of the area to Great Britain, with the exception of Ruanda-Urundi which went to Belgium and Kionga to Portugal.


Occupation

TangM1
TangN1
Tang45
Mafia Island
Nyasaland-Rhodesian Force
British Occupation
1915 Sc? SG-M1A 1916 Sc-N101 SG-N1 1917 Sc-N106 SG45

During WW1, the areas of Ruanda and Urundi were seized by Belgian troops, from the Belgian Congo. These stamps are (or will be) shown under Ruanda-Urundi.

There are three categories of stamp to consider for the British occupation.

  • Mafia Island - captured from German forces in January 1915, the first stamps used were handstamped GEA yacht issues. The handstamps were black or blackish lilac (Gibbons suffix "A"), deep purple ("B") or reddish-violet ("C").
  • the Nyasaland-Rhodesian Force - for use by these forces while on operations in GEA, Nyasaland overprints.
  • British Occupation - stamps of the Indian Army postal services (I.E.F. overprints) were used before the G.E.A. overprints on East Africa and Uganda Protectorates became available.
Tanganyika, Phases
Gibbons
SG
Date
Scott
Sc
German East Africa
1-44
1893-1920
German East Africa
1-41
Tanganyika
 
- Mafia Island
M1-M52
1915-16
German East Africa, British Occupation
?
- Nyasaland-Rhodesian Force "NR" o/p
N1-N5
1916
 
N151-105
- British Occupation "GEA" o/p
45-73
1917-22
(1917)
N106-N122
 
Tanganyika "GEA" o/p (1921-22)
1-9
- British Mandated Territory
74-107
1922-31
 
10-44
- Independence
108-119
1961
 
45-60
- Republic
120-123
1962
 
57-60
- United Republic of T & Z
124-127
1964
Tanzania
1-4
Tanzania
128+
1965+
 
5+
 
 

Tanganyika

and Tanzania

7th July 1964

Africa 33a

Tang108
Tang120
Tang124
Tanz128
Independence
Republic
United Republic of Tanganyika
and Zanzibar
Tanzania
1961 Sc45 SG108 1962 Sc57 SG120 7th July 1964 Sc1 SG124 9th December 1965 Sc8 SG128

Gibbons [2] states that "Tanganyika became part of the joint East African postal administration on first January 1933 and subsequently used the stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika." Scott [3] takes up the story, "On Dec. 9, 1961, Tanganyika became independent. On Dec. 9, 1962 it became a republic. April 26, 1964, it joined Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (later renamed Tanzania)". Both Tanganyika and Zanzibar at first produced stamps celebrating their union that were not valid in the other country.

Sources: ScS [3], SGP7 [1], SGP1 [2].

Image from David Olson, Grosvenor, ebay.

FI ref: 295, 525, 682 Page credit: NB

Page created 29 Oct 2016 Page updated 05-Jul-2017